The National Gallery of Australia (NGA), located in Canberra, is the Commonwealth of Australia's national cultural institution for the visual arts and is a portfolio agency within the Department of Communications and the Arts.
The functions of the NGA are prescribed in its enabling legislation, the National Gallery Act 1975, which requires the NGA to:
- develop and maintain a national collection of works of art
- exhibit, or make available for exhibition by others, works of art from the national collection or works of art that are in the possession of the Gallery, and
- use every endeavour to make the most advantageous use of the national collection in the national interest.